Symptoms of sleep apnea mainly happen while you sleep.
Breathing stopping and starting
Making gasping, snorting or choking noises
Waking up a lot
Feel very tired
Find it hard to concentrate
Have mood swings
Have a headache when you wake up
your breathing stops and starts while you sleep
you make gasping, snorting or choking noises while you sleep
you always feel very tired during the day
If someone else has seen you have the symptoms, it can help to bring them with you to the clinic.
If a doctor think you might have sleep apnea, they may refer you to a specialist sleep clinic for tests.
At the clinic, you may be given devices that check things like your breathing and heart beat while you sleep.
You'll be asked to wear these overnight so doctors can check for signs of sleep apnea.
You can usually do this at home, but sometimes you may need to stay in the clinic overnight.
The test can show if you have sleep apnea and how severe it is.
This is based on how often your breathing stops while you sleep (AHI score).
Obstructive sleep apnea, the more common form that occurs when throat muscles relax.
Central sleep apnea, which occurs when your brain doesn't send proper signals to the muscles that control breathing.
Complex sleep apnea syndrome, also known as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea, which occurs when someone has both obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.
Sleep apnea can sometimes be treated by making lifestyle changes like losing weight, giving up smoking and reducing how much alcohol you drink.But many people need to use a device called a CPAP machine.
A CPAP machine gently pumps air into a mask you wear over your mouth or nose while you sleep.
It can help:
Using a CPAP machine may feel strange or awkward at first, but try to keep using it. It works best if you use it every night.
Tell your doctor if you find it uncomfortable or hard to use.
Other treatments sometimes used for sleep apnea include:
These treatments may not work as well as a CPAP machine.